Instrument Specifications

Find information about technical specifications (i.e. launch date, swath dimensions, orbit repeat cycle and type, spectral range) of the satellite and airborne instruments—also known as sensors.

Instrument Specifications

Terra/Aqua MODIS
BandBand TypeBandwidth (μm)Spatial Resolution (m)Key Use
1Red0.620 – 0.670250Absolute Land Cover Transformation, Vegetation Chlorophyll
2NIR0.841 – 0.876250Cloud Amount, Vegetation Land Cover Transformation
3Blue0.459 – 0.479500Soil/Vegetation Differences
4Green0.545 – 0.565500Green Vegetation
5SWIR1.230 – 1.250500Leaf/Canopy Differences
6SWIR1.628 – 1.652500Snow/Cloud Differences
7SWIR2.105 – 2.155500Cloud Properties, Land Properties
8VIS0.405 – 0.4201000Chlorophyll
9VIS0.438 – 0.4481000Chlorophyll
10VIS0.483 – 0.4931000Chlorophyll
11VIS0.526 – 0.5361000Chlorophyll
12VIS0.546 – 0.5561000Sediments
13hVIS0.662 – 0.6721000Atmosphere, Sediments
13lVIS0.662 – 0.6721000Atmosphere, Sediments
14hVIS0.673 – 0.6831000Chlorophyll Fluorescence
14lVIS0.673 – 0.6831000Chlorophyll Fluorescence
15VIS0.743 – 0.7531000Aerosol Properties
16NIR0.862 – 0.8771000Aerosol Properties, Atmospheric Properties
17NIR0.890 – 0.9201000Atmospheric Properties, Cloud Properties
18NIR0.931 – 0.9411000Atmospheric Properties, Cloud Properties
19NIR0.915 – 0.9651000Atmospheric Properties, Cloud Properties
20MWIR3.660 – 3.8401000Sea Surface Temperature
21MWIR3.929 – 3.9891000Forest Fires & Volcanoes
22MWIR3.929 – 3.9891000Cloud Temperature, Surface Temperature
23MWIR4.020 – 4.0801000Cloud Temperature, Surface Temperature
24MWIR4.433 – 4.4981000Cloud Fraction, Troposphere Temperature
25MWIR4.482 – 4.5491000Cloud Fraction, Troposphere Temperature
26SWIR1.360 – 1.3901000Cloud Fraction (Thin Cirrus), Troposphere Temperature
27LWIR6.535 – 6.8951000Mid Troposphere Humidity
28LWIR7.175 – 7.4751000Upper Troposphere Humidity
29LWIR8.400 – 8.7001000Surface Temperature
30LWIR9.580 – 9.8801000Total Ozone
31LWIR10.780 – 11.2801000Cloud Temperature, Forest Fires & Volcanoes, Surface Temp.
32LWIR11.770 – 12.2701000Cloud Height, Forest Fires & Volcanoes, Surface Temperature
33LWIR13.185 – 13.4851000Cloud Fraction, Cloud Height
34LWIR13.485 – 13.7851000Cloud Fraction, Cloud Height
35LWIR13.785 – 14.0851000Cloud Fraction, Cloud Height
36LWIR14.085 – 14.3851000Cloud Fraction, Cloud Height
VIIRS
BandBand TypeBandwidth (μm)Spatial Resolution (m)Key Use
I1VIS0.600 – 0.680375Imagery - Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
I2NIR0.850 – 0.880375Land Imagery - NDVI
I3SWIR1.580 – 1.640375Snow/Ice
I4MWIR3.550 – 3.930375Imagery - Clouds
I5LWIR10.500 – 12.400375Imagery - Clouds
M1VIS0.402 – 0.422750Ocean Color/Aerosol
M2VIS0.436 – 0.454750Ocean Color/Aerosol
M3VIS0.478 – 0.488750Ocean Color/Aerosol
M4VIS0.545 – 0.565750Ocean Color/Aerosol
M5VIS0.662 – 0.682750Ocean Color/Aerosol
M6NIR0.739 – 0.754750Atmospheric Correction
M7NIR0.846 – 0.885750Ocean Color/Aerosol
M8SWIR1.230 – 1.250750Cloud particle/Snow grain size
M9SWIR1.371 – 1.386750Cirrus Cloud detection
M10SWIR1.580 – 1.640750Snow Fraction
M11SWIR2.230 – 2.280750Clouds/Aerosol
M12MWIR3.610 – 3.790750Sea Surface Temperature
M13MWIR3.970 – 4.130750Sea Surface Temperature/Fires
M14LWIR8.400 – 8.700750Cloud-Top Properties
M15LWIR10.260 – 11.260750Sea Surface Temperature
M16LWIR11.540 – 12.490750Sea Surface Temperature
DNBDay/Night0.500 – 0.900750Day/Night Band
Terra ASTER
BandBand TypeBandwidth (μm)Spatial Resolution (m)Key Use
1VIS0.520 – 0.60015Peak vegetation (Green)
2VIS0.630 – 0.69015Vegetation slopes (Red)
3NNIR0.780 – 0.86015Biomass content/shorelines
3BNIR0.780 – 0.86015Stereo for topography
4SWIR1.600 – 1.70030Soil moisture content
5SWIR2.145 – 2.18530Soil and mineral mapping
6SWIR2.185 – 2.22530Soil and mineral mapping
7SWIR2.235 – 2.28530Soil and mineral mapping
8SWIR2.295 – 2.36530Soil and mineral mapping
9SWIR2.360 – 2.43030Soil and mineral mapping
10TIR8.125 – 8.47590Temperature, soil and mineral mapping
11TIR8.475 – 8.82590Temperature, soil and mineral mapping
12TIR8.925 – 9.27590Temperature, soil and mineral mapping
13TIR10.250 – 10.95090Temperature, soil and mineral mapping
14TIR10.950 – 11.65090Temperature, soil and mineral mapping
ECOSTRESS
BandBand TypeBandwidth (μm)Spatial Resolution (m)Key Use
1TIR8.2970Radiance
2TIR8.7870Radiance
3TIR9.270Radiance
4TIR10.4970Radiance
5TIR12.0970Radiance
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