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The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) is responsible for the archive and distribution of the NASA Making Earth System Data Records for Use in Research Environments (MEaSUREs) version SRTM, which includes the global 1 arc second (~30 meter) product.
NASA Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) datasets result from a collaborative effort by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA - previously known as the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, or NIMA), as well as the participation of the German and Italian space agencies. The purpose of SRTM was to generate a near-global digital elevation model (DEM) of the Earth using radar interferometry. SRTM was a primary component of the payload on the Space Shuttle Endeavour during its STS-99 mission. Endeavour launched February 11, 2000 and ﬂew for 11 days.
SRTM collected data in swaths, which extend from ~30 degrees off-nadir to ~58 degrees off-nadir from an altitude of 233 kilometers (km). These swaths are ~225 km wide, and consisted of all land between 60° North (N) and 56° South (S) latitude. This accounts for about 80% of Earth’s total landmass.
Improvements/Changes from Previous Versions
PI Name: Michael Kobrick, Robert Crippen
|Temporal Extent||02/11/2000 - 02/21/2000|
|Spatial Extent||Global (60°N to 56°S, 180°W to 180°E)|
|File Size||~7 MB|
|Coordinate System||Geographic latitude and longitude|
|Geographic Dimensions||1° x 1°|
|Total Number of Tiles||14,297|
|Total Size||~97 GB|
|Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers||1|
|Columns/Rows||3601 x 3601|
|Pixel Size||~30 m|
|SDS Name||Description||Units||Data Type||Fill Value||Valid Range||Scale Factor|
|.HGT||Elevation||Meters||16-bit signed integer||-32768||-32767 to 32767||N/A|
Scientists used a method called Kinematic Global Positioning System Geodetic field surveying to validate SRTM data. This method facilitates the very rapid long lines of precise positions from a moving vehicle. Several entities conducted the actual survey work, including private contractors, NGA geodesists, and NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) scientists. In all, about 70,000 kilometers of survey lines were collected in support of this mission. The data were used to model long-wavelength error sources.
In addition, NASA’s JPL deployed corner reflectors during the mission. These are highly reflective structures that appear as a bright point in the radar image. These reflectors were deployed with precisely measured coordinates and served as control points in the SRTM data.
Fill value information is included in the .NUM products.
Known issues in the NASA SRTM are described in the following publication:
Rodriguez, E., C. S. Morris, and J. E. Belz (2006), A global assessment of the SRTM performance, Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sens., 72, 249–260. http://dx.doi.org/10.14358/PERS.72.3.249
|Diving into the NASA Data Pools with DAAC2Disk||LP DAAC||Webinar, Presentation|
|Discover New Data Products at the NASA LP DAAC||LP DAAC||Webinar, Presentation|
|Overview of LP DAAC Products||LP DAAC||Presentation|
|Terrain Data at the LP DAAC (Fire applications)||LP DAAC||Webinar, Presentation|
|Choosing a Data Access Tool: LP DAAC Data Pool and DAAC2Disk||LP DAAC||Video Tip|
|Working with Land Remote Sensing Data in a GIS Environment||LP DAAC||Presentation|