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The MOD13A2 images shown are samples of the MODIS/Terra Vegetation Indices 16-Day L3 Global 1km SIN Grid. The NDVI and EVI have been pseudo-colored to represent the biomass health of the western United States using tile h08v05 from June 25 July 10, 2000.
Due to their simplicity, ease of application, and widespread familiarity, vegetation indices have a wide range of usage within the user community. Some of the more common applications may include global biogeochemical and hydrologic modeling, agricultural monitoring and forecasting, land-use planning, land cover characterization, and land cover change detection.
Global MODIS vegetation indices are designed to provide consistent spatial and temporal comparisons of vegetation conditions. Blue, red, and near-infrared reflectances, centered at 469-nanometers, 645-nanometers, and 858-nanometers, respectively, are used to determine the MODIS daily vegetation indices.
The MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) complements NOAA's Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) NDVI products and provides continuity for time series historical applications. MODIS also includes a new Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) that minimizes canopy background variations and maintains sensitivity over dense vegetation conditions. The EVI also uses the blue band to remove residual atmosphere contamination caused by smoke and sub-pixel thin cloud clouds. The MODIS NDVI and EVI products are computed from atmospherically corrected bi-directional surface reflectances that have been masked for water, clouds, heavy aerosols, and cloud shadows.
Global MOD13A2 data are provided every 16 days at 1-kilometer spatial resolution as a gridded level-3 product in the Sinusoidal projection. Vegetation indices are used for global monitoring of vegetation conditions and are used in products displaying land cover and land cover changes. These data may be used as input for modeling global biogeochemical and hydrologic processes and global and regional climate. These data also may be used for characterizing land surface biophysical properties and processes, including primary production and land cover conversion.
Version-5 MODIS Vegetation Indices products have attained Validation Stage 3.
See Product Description
Science Data Sets for MODIS Terra Vegetation Indices 16-Day L3 Global 1km SIN Grid V005 (MOD13A2):
Science Data Sets
MULTIPLY BY SCALE FACTOR
|1km 16 days NDVI||NDVI||16-bit signed integer||-3000||-2000, 10000||0.0001|
|1km 16 days EVI||EVI||16-bit signed integer||-3000||-2000, 10000||0.0001|
|1km 16 days VI Quality detailed QA||Bits||16-bit unsigned integer||65535||0, 65534||NA|
|1km 16 days red reflectance (Band 1)||Reflectance||16-bit signed integer||-1000||0, 10000||0.0001|
|1km 16 days NIR reflectance (Band 2)||Reflectance||16-bit signed integer||-1000||0, 10000||0.0001|
|1km 16 days blue reflectance (Band 3)||Reflectance||16-bit signed integer||-1000||0, 10000||0.0001|
|1km 16 days MIR reflectance (Band 7)||Reflectance||16-bit signed integer||-1000||0, 10000||0.0001|
|1km 16 days view zenith angle||Degree||16-bit signed integer||-10000||-9000, 9000||0.01|
|1km 16 days sun zenith angle||Degree||16-bit signed integer||-10000||-9000, 9000||0.01|
|1km 16 days relative azimuth angle||Degree||16-bit signed integer||-4000||-3600, 3600||0.1|
|1km 16 days composite day of the year||Julian day of year||16-bit signed integer||-1||1, 366||NA|
|1km 16 days pixel reliability summary QA||Rank||8-bit signed integer||-1||0, 4||NA|
The QA information below is excerpted from the Quality Science Data Set within an HDF-EOS MOD13A2 file.
A summary Quality layer has been included in the MOD13A2: “pixel reliability.” This layer contains ranked values describing overall pixel quality (Table 1 below).
Because evaluation of the past 6 years of V003 and V004 data collections revealed insignificant differences between the Quality assignments for NDVI versus EVI, the V005 MOD13 products include a single Quality layer pertinent to both indices (Table 2 below), rather than one layer for each. This reduces data volume as well as user confusion with multiple Quality layers.
TABLE 1: MOD13A2 Pixel Reliability
|-1||Fill/No Data||Not Processed|
|0||Good Data||Use with confidence|
|1||Marginal data||Useful, but look at other QA information|
|2||Snow/Ice||Target covered with snow/ice|
|3||Cloudy||Target not visible, covered with cloud|
TABLE 2: MOD13A2 VI Quality
Bit 0 is the least significant (read bit words right to left)
|0–1||MODLAND_QA||00||VI produced, good quality|
|01||VI produced, but check other QA|
|10||Pixel produced, but most probably cloudy|
|11||Pixel not produced due to other reasons than clouds|
|2–5||VI usefulness||0000||Highest quality|
|1101||Quality so low that it is not useful|
|1110||L1B data faulty|
|1111||Not useful for any other reason/not processed|
|8||Adjacent cloud detected||1||Yes|
|9||Atmosphere BRDF correction performed||1||Yes|
|11–13||Land/Water Flag||000||Shallow ocean|
|001||Land (Nothing else but land)|
|010||Ocean coastlines and lake shorelines|
|011||Shallow inland water|
|101||Deep inland water|
|110||Moderate or continental ocean|
|Temporal Coverage||February 24, 2000 -|
|Area||~10 x 10 lat/long|
|File Size||~1–22 MB|
|Dimensions||1200 x 1200 rows/columns|
|Science Data Sets (SDS HDF Layers)||12|
Please find the current MODIS-related Data policies on the MODIS Policies page at https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/products/modis_policies.
For information on how to cite and acknowledge LP DAAC data, please see our Citing Our Data page at https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/citing_our_data.
Data Pool: The Data Pool (On-line Archive) provides access to all MODIS products, and a rolling archive of ASTER level-1B products that cover the U.S. and its Territories.
Reverb: This tool provides access to a complete data record of all MODIS and ASTER products available from the LP DAAC.
GloVis: The Global Visualization interface provides access to tiled MODIS products that have an associated browse image, and all ASTER level-1B products.
MRTWeb: The MODIS Reprojection Tool Web interface provides access to all MRT services offered by the stand-alone MRT.
The Data Access section of this Web site also provides access to these interfaces.
LP DAAC User Services
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