Terra ASTER surface radiance band combination 3n-2-1 data from the AST_09XT product over Canada on August 2, 2018.View full-size image
The Terra Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Surface Radiance VNIR and Crosstalk Corrected SWIR (AST_09XT) is a multi-file product that contains atmospherically corrected data for both the Visible and Near Infrared (VNIR) and Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) sensors. The crosstalk phenomenon was discovered during the nascent stage of the Terra Mission. It is whereby the incident light with band 4 caused multiple reflections for the SWIR bands, which resulted in blurred images. This has been corrected with the ASTER L2 Surface Radiance VNIR and Crosstalk Corrected SWIR data product. Each product delivery includes two Hierarchical Data Format - Earth Observing System (HDF-EOS) files: one for the VNIR, and the other for the SWIR. Both the VNIR and the SWIR data are atmospherically corrected using the corresponding bands from an ASTER Level 1B image.
The ASTER L2 Surface Radiance VNIR and Crosstalk Corrected SWIR data product is only available through NASA’s Earthdata Search. The ASTER Order Instructions provide step-by-step directions for ordering this product.
The Science Scalable Scripts-based Science Processor for Missions (S4PM) Version 3.4 algorithm has additional input data options that provide better input data coverage (simultaneously acquired MODIS data versus 6-hourly modeled NCEP input data) and consequently more accurate Level 2 output data. The updated algorithm includes the following improvements:
Starting June 23, 2021, radiometric calibration coefficient Version 5 (RCC V5) will be applied to newly observed ASTER data and archived ASTER data products. Details regarding RCC V5 are described in the following journal article.
Tsuchida, S., Yamamoto, H., Kouyama, T., Obata, K., Sakuma, F., Tachikawa, T., Kamei, A., Arai, K., Czapla-Myers, J.S., Biggar, S.F., and Thome, K.J., 2020, Radiometric Degradation Curves for the ASTER VNIR Processing Using Vicarious and Lunar Calibrations: Remote Sensing, v. 12, no. 3, at https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12030427.
As of December 15, 2021, the LP DAAC has implemented changes to ASTER PGE Version 3.4, which will affect all ASTER Level 2 on-demand products. Changes include:
Additionally, Climatology, which is one of the inputs for Ozone and Moisture, Temperature and Pressures (MTP) will be removed from the Earthdata Order Form. It has been observed that PGEs generated with Climatology as an input yield noticeable differences statistically during image and spectral analysis. Climatology will continue to be used as the final default if neither of the first two selectable options are available for Ozone and MTP. Users can check the OPERATIONALQUALITYFLAGEXPLANATION field in the metadata or the output file for atmospheric parameters that were applied.
|File Size||~119 MB|
|Temporal Extent||2000-03-06 to Present|
|Coordinate System||Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)|
|Datum||World Geodetic System (WGS84)|
|Geographic Dimensions||~60 km x 60 km|
|Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers||9|
|Columns/Rows||4200 (VNIR) and 2100 (SWIR) x 4980 (VNIR) and 2490 (SWIR)|
|Pixel Size||15 m (VNIR) and 30 m (SWIR)|
|SDS Name||Description||Units||Data Type||Fill Value||No Data Value||Valid Range||Scale Factor|
|VNIR_Band1||15 meter resolution VNIR Band 1 (0.52 to 0.60 µm)||W/m²/sr/μm||16-bit signed integer||N/A||N/A||0 to 32767||0.676000|
|VNIR_Band2||15 meter resolution VNIR Band 2 (0.63 to 0.69 µm)||W/m²/sr/μm||16-bit signed integer||N/A||N/A||0 to 32767||0.708000|
|VNIR_Band3N||15 meter resolution VNIR Band 3 (0.78 to 0.86 µm)||W/m²/sr/μm||16-bit signed integer||N/A||N/A||0 to 32767||0.862000|
|SWIR_Band4||30 meter resolution SWIR Band 4 (1.600 to 1.700 µm)||W/m²/sr/μm||16-bit signed integer||N/A||N/A||0 to 32767||0.217400|
|SWIR_Band5||30 meter resolution SWIR Band 5 (2.145 to 2.185 µm)||W/m²/sr/μm||16-bit signed integer||N/A||N/A||0 to 32767||0.069600|
|SWIR_Band6||30 meter resolution SWIR Band 6 (2.185 to 2.225 µm)||W/m²/sr/μm||16-bit signed integer||N/A||N/A||0 to 32767||0.062500|
|SWIR_Band7||30 meter resolution SWIR Band 7 (2.235 to 2.285 µm)||W/m²/sr/μm||16-bit signed integer||N/A||N/A||0 to 32767||0.059700|
|SWIR_Band8||30 meter resolution SWIR Band 8 (2.295 to 2.365 µm)||W/m²/sr/μm||16-bit signed integer||N/A||N/A||0 to 32767||0.041780|
|SWIR_Band9||30 meter resolution SWIR Band 9 (2.360 to 2.430 µm)||W/m²/sr/μm||16-bit signed integer||N/A||N/A||0 to 32767||0.031800|
There are three groups of ancillary data inputs used in the atmospheric correction of ASTER Level 2 products:
SWIR Crosstalk Correction The ASTER SWIR sensor is affected by a crosstalk signal scattering problem, a phenomenon discovered after the launch of ASTER aboard the Terra platform in December 1999. The SWIR detector contains 2048 Pt-Si (platinum-silicide) arrays for each of its six spectral bands. There are six pairs of staggered linear CCD arrays for each band that are spaced 1.33 µm apart in the band order 7, 8, 9, 4, 5, and 6. In front of each CCD array pair, there are interference filters that spectrally separate the radiation reflected from the Earth.
Users are advised that ASTER SWIR data acquired from April 2008 to the present exhibit anomalous saturation of values and anomalous striping. This effect is also present for some prior acquisition periods. Please refer to the ASTER SWIR User Advisory Document for more details.