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A saA sample image of an ASTER Digital Elevation Modelmple image of an ASTER Digital Elevation Model.
The ASTER Digital Elevation Model (DEM) product is generated using bands 3N (nadir-viewing) and 3B (backward-viewing) of an ASTER Level-1A image acquired by the Visible Near Infrared (VNIR) sensor. The VNIR subsystem includes two independent telescope assemblies that facilitate the generation of stereoscopic data. The Band-3 stereo pair is acquired in the spectral range of 0.78 and 0.86 microns with a base-to-height ratio of 0.6 and an intersection angle of about 27.7. There is a time lag of approximately one minute between the acquisition of the nadir and backward images. View a diagram depicting the along-track imaging geometry of the ASTER VNIR nadir and backward-viewing sensors.
Starting in early summer of 2006, LP DAAC has implemented a new production software for efficiently creating quality DEMs. Based on an automated stereo-correlation method, the new software generates a relative DEM without any ground control points (GCPs). It utilizes the ephemeris and attitude data derived from both the ASTER instrument and the Terra spacecraft platform. The new ASTER DEM is a single-band product with 30-meters horizontal postings that is geodetically referenced to the UTM coordinate system, and referenced to the Earth's geoid using the EGM96 geopotential model. Compared to ASTER DEMs previously available from the LP DAAC, users likely will note some differences in ASTER DEMs produced by the new system, because DEMs now are produced automatically, with no manual editing. Larger water bodies are detected and typically have a single value, but they no longer are manually edited. Any failed areas, while infrequent, remain as they occur. Cloudy areas typically appear as bright regions, rather than as manually edited dark areas.
The accuracy of the new LP DAAC-produced DEMs will meet or exceed accuracy specifications set for the ASTER relative DEMs by the applicable Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD). Users likely will find that the DEMs produced by the new DAAC system have accuracies approaching those specified in the ATBD for absolute DEMs. Validation testing has shown that DEMs produced by the new system frequently are more accurate than 25 meters RMSExyz.
|Area||~60 km x 60 km (ASTER Level-1A input image)|
|File Size Total||25 MB|
|Input Image Resolution||15 m|
|Output Image Resolution||30 m|
|Data Type||16-bit signed integer|
|Vgroup Data Fields||14|
|Data Fields||Units||Data Type||Valid Range|
|Single band||Meters||16-bit signed integer||-32768 to +32768|
Please find the current ASTER-related Data policies on the ASTER Policies page at https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/products/aster_policies.
For information on how to cite LP DAAC data, please see our Data Citations page at https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/about/citing_lp_daac_and_data.
The full archive record for this data product is available through the Reverb and GloVis search and order interfaces.
Please find a link to (and information about) these data access tools on the Data Access Section of this Web Site.
LP DAAC User Services
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS)
47914 252nd Street
Sioux Falls, SD 57198-0001
Phone Number: 605-594-6116
Toll Free: 866-573-3222