ECOSTRESS Evapotranspiration PT-JPL Daily L3 Global 70 m

PI: Simon Hook, Joshua Fisher


The ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) mission measures the temperature of plants to better understand how much water plants need and how they respond to stress. ECOSTRESS is attached to the International Space Station (ISS) and collects data globally between 52° N and 52° S latitudes. A map of the acquisition coverage can be found in figure 2 on the ECOSTRESS website.

ECO3ETPTJPL Version 1 is a Level 3 (L3) product that provides evapotranspiration (ET) generated from data acquired by the ECOSTRESS radiometer instrument according to the Priestly-Taylor Jet Propulsion Laboratory (PT-JPL) algorithm described in the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD). The ET product is generated from the Level 2 data products for surface temperature and emissivity, the Level 1 geolocation information, and a significant number of ancillary data inputs from other sources. ET is set by various controls, including radiative and atmospheric demand, and environmental sensitivity, productivity, vegetation physiology, and phenology. PT-JPL is best utilized for natural ecosystems. The L3 ET product is used for creating the Level 4 products, Evaporative Stress Index (ESI) and Water Use Efficiency (WUE).

The ECO3ETPTJPL Version 1 data product contains layers of instantaneous ET, daily ET, canopy transpiration, soil evaporation, ET uncertainty, and interception evaporation.

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Collection and Granule


Characteristic Description
File Size~700 MB
Temporal ResolutionVaries
Temporal Extent2018-07-15 to Present
Spatial ExtentGlobal (+/- 52 degrees latitude)
Coordinate SystemNone (Swath)
File FormatHDF5
Geographic Dimensions400 km x 400 km


Characteristic Description
Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers6
Columns/Rows5400 x 5632
Pixel Size70 m

Layers / Variables

SDS Name Description Units Data Type Fill Value No Data Value Valid Range Scale Factor
ETinst Instantaneous Latent Heat Flux W/m² 32-bit floating point N/A N/A 0 to 2000 N/A
ETdaily Daily Latent Heat Flux W/m² 32-bit floating point N/A N/A 0 to 2000 N/A
ETcanopy Canopy Evaporation Percent 32-bit floating point N/A N/A 0 to 100 N/A
ETsoil Soil Evaporation Percent 32-bit floating point N/A N/A 0 to 100 N/A
ETinterception Interception Evaporation Percent 32-bit floating point N/A N/A 0 to 100 N/A
ETinstUncertainty ETinst Uncertainty W/m² 32-bit floating point N/A N/A 0 to 2000 N/A

Product Quality

No quality flags are produced for ECO3ETPTJPL Version 1 data product. Instead, the quality flags of the source data are available in the ECO3ANCQA Version 1 data product.

Known Issues

  • Data acquisition gaps: ECOSTRESS was launched on June 29, 2018, and moved to autonomous science operations on August 20, 2018, following a successful in-orbit checkout period. On September 29, 2018, ECOSTRESS experienced an anomaly with its primary mass storage unit (MSU). ECOSTRESS has a primary and secondary MSU (A and B). On December 5, 2018, the instrument was switched to the secondary MSU and science operations resumed. On March 14, 2019, the secondary MSU experienced a similar anomaly temporarily halting science acquisitions. On May 15, 2019, a new data acquisition approach was implemented and science acquisitions resumed. To optimize the new acquisition approach TIR bands 2, 4 and 5 are being downloaded. The data products are as previously, except the bands not downloaded contain fill values (L1 radiance and L2 emissivity). This approach was implemented from May 15, 2019, through April 28, 2023.

  • Data acquisition gap: From February 8 to February 16, 2020, an ECOSTRESS instrument issue resulted in a data anomaly that created striping in band 4 (10.5 micron). These data products have been reprocessed and are available for download. No ECOSTRESS data were acquired on February 17, 2020, due to the instrument being in SAFEHOLD. Data acquired following the anomaly have not been affected.

  • Data acquisition: ECOSTRESS has now successfully returned to 5-band mode after being in 3-band mode since 2019. This feature was successfully enabled following a Data Processing Unit firmware update (version 4.1) to the payload on April 28, 2023. To better balance contiguous science data scene variables, 3-band collection is currently being interleaved with 5-band acquisitions over the orbital day/night periods.

About the image

ECOSTRESS instantaneous latent heat flux data from ECO3ETPTJPL product, acquired over Western Kansas, United States, on August 27, 2018.

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User Guide

Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD)

Product Specification Document (PSD)

Algorithm Specification Document (ASD)

Earthdata Search Quick Guide

Using the Data

Access Data