Global Hyperspectral Imaging Spectral-library of Agricultural crops for Central Asia

PI: Mariotto, I., Thenkabail, P., Aneece, I.


The Global Hyperspectral Imaging Spectral-library of Agricultural crops (GHISA) is a comprehensive compilation, collation, harmonization, and standardization of hyperspectral signatures of agricultural crops of the world. This hyperspectral library of agricultural crops is developed for all major world crops and was collected by United States Geological Survey (USGS) and partnering volunteer agencies from around the world. Crops include wheat, rice, barley, corn, soybeans, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, chickpeas, lentils, and pigeon peas, which together occupy about 65% of all global cropland areas. The GHISA spectral libraries were collected and collated using spaceborne, airborne (e.g., aircraft and drones), and ground based hyperspectral imaging spectroscopy.

The GHISA for Central Asia (GHISACASIA) Version 1 product provides dominant crop data (wheat, rice, corn, alfalfa, and cotton) in different growth stages across the Galaba and Kuva farm fields in the Syr Darya river basin in Central Asia. The GHISA hyperspectral library for the two irrigated areas was developed using Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) Hyperion hyperspectral data acquired in 2007 and Analytical Spectral Devices, Inc. (ASD) Spectroradiometer data acquired in 2006 and 2007. GHISACASIA is extracted from three Hyperion hyperspectral images and several thousands of field ASD Spectroradiometer data. Measurements were taken from 1,232 randomly chosen points scattered across the two farm sites throughout the growing season. All the processing algorithms are coded in Statistical Analysis System (SAS) format and available for download.

Provided in the XLSX files are the spectral library including image information, plot IDs, study area, instrument, acquisition date, and crop type labels for Central Asia sample fields.

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Collection and Granule


Characteristic Description
File Size5 MB
Temporal ResolutionVaries
Temporal Extent2006-04-30 to 2007-08-28
Spatial ExtentUzbekistan, Asia
Coordinate SystemUniversal Transverse Mercator (UTM)
DatumWorld Geodetic System (WGS84)
File FormatXLSX
Geographic DimensionsN/A


Characteristic Description
Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers1
Pixel SizeN/A

Layers / Variables

SDS Name Description Units Data Type Fill Value No Data Value Valid Range Scale Factor
Dominant crops GHISA hyperspectral library of dominant crops N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Product Quality

Constraint and Limitations are listed in Section 5 of the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD).

Known Issues

There are no known issues for the GHISACASIA dataset.

About the image

Rice is one of the dominate crops in the Global Hyperspectral Imaging Spectral-library of Agricultural crops (GHISA) for Central Asia. Photo Credit: Pixabay /

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User Guide
Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD)
Source Code

Using the Data

Access Data


DOI: 10.5067/Community/GHISA/GHISACASIA.001