The Harmonized Landsat and Sentinel-2 (HLS) project provides consistent surface reflectance (SR) and top of atmosphere (TOA) brightness data from the Operational Land Imager (OLI) aboard the joint NASA/USGS Landsat 8 satellite and the Multi-Spectral Instrument (MSI) aboard Europe’s Copernicus Sentinel-2A and Sentinel-2B satellites. The combined measurement enables global observations of the land every 2–3 days at 30-meter (m) spatial resolution. The HLS project uses a set of algorithms to obtain seamless products from OLI and MSI that include atmospheric correction, cloud and cloud-shadow masking, spatial co-registration and common gridding, illumination and view angle normalization, and spectral bandpass adjustment.
The HLSL30 product provides 30-m Nadir Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF)-Adjusted Reflectance (NBAR) and is derived from Landsat 8 OLI data products. The HLSS30 and HLSL30 products are gridded to the same resolution and Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) tiling system, and thus are “stackable” for time series analysis.
The HLSL30 product is provided in Cloud Optimized GeoTIFF (COG) format, and each band is distributed as a separate file. There are 10 bands included in the HLSL30 product along with one quality assessment (QA) band and four angle bands. For a more detailed description of the individual bands provided in the HLSL30 product, please see the User Guide.
Provisional HLS data have not been validated for their science quality and should not be used in science research or applications. If you are interested in exploring these provisional datasets please download the data from NASA's Earthdata Search. If you have any feedback or questions on the data please contact firstname.lastname@example.org or join our HLS conversion on the Earthdata Forum.
|File Size||~20 MB|
|Temporal Extent||2013-04-11 to Present|
|Spatial Extent||Global (Non-Antarctic)|
|Coordinate System||Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)|
|Datum||World Geodetic System (WGS84)|
|Geographic Dimensions||10980 km x 10980 km|
|Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers||15|
|Columns/Rows||3660 x 3660|
|Pixel Size||30 m|
|SDS Name||Description||Units||Data Type||Fill Value||No Data Value||Valid Range||Scale Factor|
|Band01||Nadir BRDF-normalized Reflectance Band 1||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-9999||N/A||N/A||0.0001|
|Band02||Nadir BRDF-normalized Reflectance Band 2||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-9999||N/A||N/A||0.0001|
|Band03||Nadir BRDF-normalized Reflectance Band 3||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-9999||N/A||N/A||0.0001|
|Band04||Nadir BRDF-normalized Reflectance Band 4||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-9999||N/A||N/A||0.0001|
|Band05||Nadir BRDF-normalized Reflectance Band 5||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-9999||N/A||N/A||0.0001|
|Band06||Nadir BRDF-normalized Reflectance Band 6||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-9999||N/A||N/A||0.0001|
|Band07||Nadir BRDF-normalized Reflectance Band 7||N/A||16-bit signed integer||--9999||N/A||N/A||0.0001|
|Band09||Top of Atmosphere Reflectance Band 9||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-9999||N/A||N/A||0.0001|
|Band10||Top of Atmosphere Brightness Temperature Band 10||Degree||16-bit signed integer||-9999||N/A||N/A||0.01|
|Band11||Top of Atmosphere Brightness Temperature Band 11||Degree||16-bit signed integer||-9999||N/A||N/A||0.01|
|FMASK||Quality Bits||Bit Field||8-bit unsigned integer||255||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Sun zenith||Sun zenith angle Band||Degree||16-bit unsigned integer||40,000||N/A||N/A||0.01|
|Sun azimuth||Sun azimuth angle Band||Degree||16-bit unsigned integer||40,000||N/A||N/A||0.01|
|View zenith||View zenith angle Band||Degree||16-bit unsigned integer||40,000||N/A||N/A||0.01|
|View azimuth||View azimuth angle Band||Degree||16-bit unsigned integer||40,000||N/A||N/A||0.01|
Additional information related to cloud and aerosol quality along with QA mappings are provided under section 6.5 of the User Guide.
HLSL30.015 products are based on input Landsat 8 L1TP (precision terrain corrected) products, which require identification of ground control targets for precision geometric correction. Images where ground control is not available (e.g., very cloudy images) cannot be processed to L1TP and are not included in the HLSL30 dataset.