The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Terra MOD09A1 Version 6 product provides an estimate of the surface spectral reflectance of Terra MODIS Bands 1 through 7 corrected for atmospheric conditions such as gasses, aerosols, and Rayleigh scattering. Along with the seven 500 meter (m) reflectance bands are two quality layers and four observation bands. For each pixel, a value is selected from all the acquisitions within the 8-day composite period. The criteria for the pixel choice include cloud and solar zenith. When several acquisitions meet the criteria the pixel with the minimum channel 3 (blue) value is used.
|File Size||59.16 MB|
|Temporal Extent||2000-02-24 to Present|
|Geographic Dimensions||1200 km x 1200 km|
|Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers||13|
|Columns/Rows||2400 x 2400|
|Pixel Size||500 m|
|SDS Name||Description||Units||Data Type||Fill Value||No Data Value||Valid Range||Scale Factor|
|sur_refl_b01||Surface Reflectance Band 1 (620-670 nm)||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-28672||N/A||-100 to 16000||0.0001|
|sur_refl_b02||Surface Reflectance Band 2 (841-876 nm)||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-28672||N/A||-100 to 16000||0.0001|
|sur_refl_b03||Surface Reflectance Band 3 (459-479 nm)||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-28672||N/A||-100 to 16000||0.0001|
|sur_refl_b04||Surface Reflectance Band 4 (545-565 nm)||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-28672||N/A||-100 to 16000||0.0001|
|sur_refl_b05||Surface Reflectance Band 5 (1230-1250 nm)||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-28672||N/A||-100 to 16000||0.0001|
|sur_refl_b06||Surface Reflectance Band 6 (1628-1652 nm)||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-28672||N/A||-100 to 16000||0.0001|
|sur_refl_b07||Surface Reflectance Band 7 (2105-2155 nm)||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-28672||N/A||-100 to 16000||0.0001|
|sur_refl_qc_500m||Surface reflectance 500m band quality control flags||Bit Field||32-bit unsigned integer||4294967295||N/A||0 to 4294966531||N/A|
|sur_refl_szen||MODIS solar zenith angle||Degree||16-bit signed integer||0||N/A||0 to 18000||0.01|
|sur_refl_vzen||MODIS view zenith angle||Degree||16-bit signed integer||0||N/A||0 to 18000||0.01|
|sur_refl_raz||MODIS relative azimuth angle||Degree||16-bit signed integer||0||N/A||-18000 to 18000||0.01|
|sur_refl_state_500m||Surface reflectance 500m state flags||Bit Field||16-bit unsigned integer||65535||N/A||0 to 57343||N/A|
|sur_refl_day_of_year||Day of the year for the pixel||Julian day||16-bit unsigned integer||65535||N/A||1 to 366||N/A|
The sur_refl_qc_500m and sur_refl_state_500m layers are stored in an efficient bit-encoded manner. The unpack_sds_bits executable from the LDOPE Tools is available to the user community to help parse and interpret these layers.
In addition to data access and transformation processes, AppEEARS also has the capability to unpack and interpret the quality layers.
The quality bit flags for sur_refl_qc_500m and the sur_refl_state_500m are given in the User Guide in Tables 10 and 13.
Striping due to a dead detector is noticeable for bands 5, 6, and 7 in scenes acquired February 24 through October 31, 2000. Corrections were implemented to reduce the striping in data acquired after November 1, 2000. Users should always check the band quality for dead detectors even though reflectance values may be in the valid range.
The Collection 6 MODIS Land Surface Reflectance product (MOD09) may incorrectly flag retrievals as ‘High Aerosol’ over brighter surfaces and at higher view angles. This will impact the downstream MODIS BRDF/Albedo (MCD43) and Vegetation Index (MOD13 and MYD13) data products which use the aerosol quantity flag to screen out high aerosol values.
Corrections will be implemented in Collection 6.1 reprocessing in 2020.
For complete information about the MOD09A1 known issues please refer to the MODIS Land Quality Assessment website.