MOD11A1 v061

MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1 km SIN Grid


PI: Zhengming Wan

Description

The MOD11A1 Version 6.1 product provides daily per-pixel Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity (LST&E) with 1 kilometer (km) spatial resolution in a 1,200 by 1,200 km grid. The pixel temperature value is derived from the MOD11_L2 swath product. Above 30 degrees latitude, some pixels may have multiple observations where the criteria for clear-sky are met. When this occurs, the pixel value is a result of the average of all qualifying observations. Provided along with the daytime and nighttime surface temperature bands are associated quality control assessments, observation times, view zenith angles, and clear-sky coverages along with bands 31 and 32 emissivities from land cover types.

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Characteristics

Improvements/Changes from Previous Versions

  • The Version 6.1 Level-1B (L1B) products have been improved by undergoing various calibration changes that include: changes to the response-versus-scan angle (RVS) approach that affects reflectance bands for Aqua and Terra MODIS, corrections to adjust for the optical crosstalk in Terra MODIS infrared (IR) bands, and corrections to the Terra MODIS forward look-up table (LUT) update for the period 2012 - 2017.
  • A polarization correction has been applied to the L1B Reflective Solar Bands (RSB).

Product Maturity

Validation at stage 2 has been achieved for all MODIS Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity products. Further details regarding MODIS land product validation for the MOD11 data products are available from the MODIS Land Team Validation site.

Collection and Granule

Collection

Characteristic Description
CollectionTerra MODIS
DOI10.5067/MODIS/MOD11A1.061
File Size~2 MB
Temporal ResolutionDaily
Temporal Extent2000-02-24 to Present
Spatial ExtentGlobal
Coordinate SystemSinusoidal
DatumN/A
File FormatHDF-EOS
Geographic Dimensions1200 km x 1200 km

Granule

Characteristic Description
Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers12
Columns/Rows1200 x 1200
Pixel Size1000 m

Layers

SDS Name Description Units Data Type Fill Value No Data Value Valid Range Scale Factor Additional Offset
LST_Day_1km Daytime Land Surface Temperature Kelvin 16-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 7500 to 65535 0.02 N/A
QC_Day Daytime LST Quality Indicators Bit Field 8-bit unsigned integer N/A N/A 0 to 255 N/A N/A
Day_view_time Local time of day observation Hours 8-bit unsigned integer 255 N/A 0 to 240 0.1 N/A
Day_view_angl View zenith angle of day observation Degree 8-bit unsigned integer 255 N/A 0 to 130 N/A -65
LST_Night_1km Nighttime Land Surface Temperature Kelvin 16-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 7500 to 65535 0.02 N/A
QC_Night Nighttime LST Quality indicators Bit Field 8-bit unsigned integer N/A N/A 0 to 255 N/A N/A
Night_view_time Local time of night observation Hours 8-bit unsigned integer 255 N/A 0 to 240 0.1 N/A
Night_view_angl View zenith angle of night observation Degree 8-bit unsigned integer 255 N/A 0 to 130 N/A -65
Emis_31 Band 31 emissivity N/A 8-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 1 to 255 0.002 0.49
Emis_32 Band 32 emissivity N/A 8-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 1 to 255 0.002 0.49
Clear_day_cov Day clear-sky coverage N/A 16-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 1 to 65535 0.0005 N/A
Clear_night_cov Night clear-sky coverage N/A 16-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 1 to 65535 0.0005 N/A

Product Quality

The Quality Control (QC) layers are stored in an efficient bit-encoded manner. The unpack_sds_bits executable from the LDOPE Tools is available to the user community to help parse and interpret the QC layers.

The QA bit flags for the QC layers are provided in the User Guide in Table 13.

Please note that whenever the Mandatory QA flags (bits 0-1) have a value of 2 (decoded to 10) or 3 (decoded to 11), LST is not produced due to cloud effects or other reasons. Under these conditions, all remaining QA bits and SDS layers are undefined (although bit flags display as 00).

Known Issues

For complete information about known issues please refer to the MODIS/VIIRS Land Quality Assessment website.

Documentation

Using the Data

Access Data

Citation

DOI: 10.5067/MODIS/MOD11A1.061

About the Image

Terra MODIS land surface temperature data from the MOD11A1 product over Tibet, July 22, 2020.

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