VIP01 v004

Vegetation Index and Phenology (VIP) Vegetation Indices Daily Global 0.05 Deg CMG


PI: Kamel Didan

Description

The NASA Making Earth System Data Records for Use in Research Environments (MEaSUREs) Vegetation Index and Phenology (VIP) global datasets were created using Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) N07, N09, N11, and N14 datasets (1981 - 1999) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)/Terra MOD09 surface reflectance data (2000 - 2014). The VIP Vegetation Index (VI) product was developed to provide consistent measurements of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and modified Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI2) spanning more than 30 years of data from multiple sensors. The EVI2 is a backward extension of AVHRR. Vegetation indices such as NDVI and EVI2 are useful for assessing the biophysical properties of the land surface, and are used to characterize vegetation phenology. Phenology tracks the seasonal life cycle of vegetation, and provides information on the biotic response to environmental changes.

The VIP01 VI data product is a daily global file at 0.05 degree (5600 meter (m)) spatial resolution in geographic (Lat/Lon) grid format. The data are stored in Hierarchical Data Format-Earth Observing System (HDF-EOS) file format. The VIP01 VI product contains 11 Science Datasets (SDS), which includes the calculated VIs (NDVI and EVI2) as well as information on the quality assurance/pixel reliability, the input Visible/Near Infrared (VNIR) surface reflectance data, and viewing geometry. The Blue and Middle Infrared (MIR) surface reflectance data are only available for the MODIS era (2000 - 2014). Gaps in the daily product are filled using long term mean VI records derived from the more than 30 year time series of data, and are indicated as gap-filled in the Pixel Reliability SDS. A low resolution browse image showing NDVI as a color map is also available.

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Characteristics

Collection and Granule

Collection

Characteristic Description
CollectionMEaSUREs VIP
DOI10.5067/MEaSUREs/VIP/VIP01.004
File Size~90 MB
Temporal ResolutionDaily
Temporal Extent1981-01-01 to 2014-12-31
Spatial ExtentGlobal
Coordinate SystemGeographic Latitude and Longitude
DatumWorld Geodetic System (WGS84)
File FormatHDF-EOS
Geographic DimensionsGlobal

Granule

Characteristic Description
Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers11
Columns/Rows7200 x 3600
Pixel Size5600 m

Layers

SDS Name Description Units Data Type Fill Value No Data Value Valid Range Scale Factor
CMG 0.05 Deg Daily NDVI Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) 0.05 Degrees resolution Daily NDVI NDVI 16-bit signed integer -15000 to -12000 N/A -10000 to 10000 0.0001
CMG 0.05 Deg Daily EVI2 Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) 0.05 Degree resolution Daily Modified EVI2 EVI2 16-bit signed integer -15000 to -12000 N/A -10000 to 10000 0.0001
CMG 0.05 Deg Daily VI Quality Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) 0.05 Degree resolution Daily VI Quality Bit Field 16-bit unsigned integer 65535 N/A 0 to 65534 N/A
CMG 0.05 Deg Daily Pixel Reliability¹ Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) 0.05 Degree resolution Daily Pixel Reliability Rank 8-bit signed integer -4 to -1 N/A 0 to 11 N/A
CMG 0.05 Deg Daily RED reflectance Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) 0.05 Degree resolution Daily Red Reflectance (Band 1) N/A 16-bit signed integer -28672 N/A -100 to 16000 0.0001
CMG 0.05 Deg Daily NIR reflectance Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) 0.05 Degree resolution Daily NIR (Band 2) N/A 16-bit signed integer -28672 N/A -100 to 16000 0.0001
CMG 0.05 Deg Daily BLUE reflectance² Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) 0.05 Degree resolution Daily Blue Reflectance (Band 3) N/A 16-bit signed integer -28672 N/A -100 to 16000 0.0001
CMG 0.05 Deg Daily MIR reflectance² Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) 0.05 Degree resolution Daily Middle Infrared Reflectance (Band 7) N/A 16-bit signed integer -28672 N/A -100 to 16000 0.0001
CMG 0.05 Deg Daily Solar Zenith Angle Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) 0.05 Degree resolution Daily Solar Zenith Angle Degree 16-bit signed integer 0 N/A 0 to 18000 0.01
CMG 0.05 Deg Daily View Zenith Angle Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) 0.05 Degree resolution Daily View Zenith Angle Degree 16-bit signed integer 0 N/A 0 to 18000 0.01
CMG 0.05 Deg Daily Relative Azimuth Angle³ Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) 0.05 Degree resolution Daily Relative Azimuth Angle Degree 16-bit signed integer 0 N/A -18000 to 18000 0.01

¹Fill/No Data Value and Valid Range are listed in the Pixel Reliability table.

²BLUE and MIR SDS are only available for MODIS (2000-2014). The Middle Infrared reflectance data used for AVHRR was generated using a MODIS based model that correlates the Red and NIR with the MIR band. The model is then applied to AVHRR Red/NIR to generate false MIR reflectance data useful for image generation.

³The Relative Azimuth Angle is passed along from the input data.

NDVI and EVI2 Fill Values

Value Description
-12000 No Data - High Latitude
-13000 No Data
-14000 Antarctica
-15000 Water

Pixel Reliability Legend

Value Description
0 Excellent
1 Good
2 Acceptable
3 Marginal
4 Pass
5 Questionable
6 Poor
7 Cloud Shadow
8 Snow
9 Cloud
10 Estimated
11 Long Term Average
-1 No Data
-2 No Data - High Latitude
-3 Antarctica
-4 Water

Product Quality

See the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD) and User Guide Section 4.5 for Quality Assurance information.

Known Issues

The Relative Azimuth Angle (RAA) for the input MODIS data is computed based on absolute values of the finer resolution pixels resulting in positive values and has minor usefulness.

The RAA for the input AVHRR data contain values in the -360° to 360° range. The routine to restrict the values in the -180° to 180° range was accidentally missed and can be corrected using the following routine from the Long Term Data Record Data Format Descriptions Document:

SinRelativeAz=sin(RAA) CosRelativeAz=cos(RAA) Correct-RAA = atan2(SinRelativeAz,CosRelativeAz)

Documentation

Using the Data

Access Data

Citation

DOI: 10.5067/MEaSUREs/VIP/VIP01.004

About the Image

Vegetation Index and Phenology (VIP) daily NDVI data from the VIP01 product across the globe, Aug 30, 2014.

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