VNP43D45 v001

VIIRS/NPP BRDF/Albedo Valid Observation Band M4 Daily L3 Global 30 ArcSec CMG

PI: Crystal Schaaf


The Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) NASA Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) and Albedo Valid Observation Band M4 product (VNP43D45) is produced daily using 16 days of data at 30 arc second (1,000 meter) resolution. Data are temporally weighted to the ninth day, which is reflected in the file name. The VNP43D product suite is provided in a Climate Modeling Grid (CMG), which covers the entire globe for use in climate simulation models. Due to the large file size, each VNP43D product contains just one data layer for each of the parameters included in the VNP43MA2 product. VNP43D40 through VNP43D53 are the 30 arc second BRDF/Albedo Quality values, the Local Solar Noon values, the Valid Observations of the moderate resolution bands (M1 through M5, M7, M8, M10, and M11) plus the Day/Night Band (DNB), the Snow Status, and the Uncertainty. Details regarding methodology are available on the VNP43MA2 product page and in the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD).

VNP43D45 contains the valid observation quality layer representing each of the 16 days of the retrieval period for VIIRS band M4.

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Product Maturity

Validation at Stage 1 has been achieved for the VIIRS BRDF/Albedo product suite. Visit the VIIRS Land Product Quality Assessment website for additional information on validation and product maturity status.

Collection and Granule


Characteristic Description
CollectionS-NPP VIIRS
File Size~160 MB
Temporal ResolutionDaily
Temporal Extent2012-01-19 to Present
Spatial ExtentGlobal
Coordinate SystemGeographic Latitude and Longitude
File FormatHDF-EOS5
Geographic DimensionsGlobal


Characteristic Description
Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers1
Columns/Rows43200 x 21600
Pixel Size1000 m


SDS Name Description Units Data Type Fill Value No Data Value Valid Range Scale Factor
BRDF_ValidObs_M4 Valid Observations for Band M4 Bit Field 16-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 1 to 65535 N/A

Quality bit index

Value Description
0 Observation not used
1 Valid clear observation

Product Quality

Quality information for the VIIRS BRDF/Albedo product suite is provided in VNP43D40 and VNP43D53 as described in Table 8 of the ATBD. Product accuracy/uncertainty information can be found in section 4.

Known Issues

The VIIRS Land Surface Reflectance product (VNP09) flags a larger number of retrievals as ‘High Aerosol’ in the quality layer as compared to the MODIS reflectance product. The inaccurately flagged high aerosol quality flags cause the BRDF retrieval algorithm to incorrectly reject the observations and switch from full inversion (high quality retrieval) to magnitude inversion (low quality retrieval) in the mid to high latitude, arid lands, and tropical vegetative regions.


Using the Data



DOI: 10.5067/VIIRS/VNP43D45.001

About the Image

VIIRS BRDF/Albedo Valid Observation Band M4 data from the VNP43D45 product across the globe on January 1, 2017.

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