The Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) NASA Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Day/Night Band (DNB) Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) and Albedo Quality (VNP43DNBA2) Version 1 product provides BRDF and Albedo quality at 1 kilometer (km) resolution. The VNP43DNBA2 product is produced daily using 16 days of VIIRS data and is weighted temporally to the ninth day, which is reflected in the file name. The VNP43DNBA2 product gives information regarding band quality and days of valid observation within a 16-day period for the VIIRS DNB. The VNP43 data products are designed to promote the continuity of NASA’s Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) BRDF/Albedo data product suite.
The VNP43 algorithm uses the RossThick/Li-Sparse-Reciprocal (RTLSR) semi-empirical kernel-driven BRDF model, with the three kernel weights from VNP43DNBA1 to reconstruct surface anisotropic effects, correcting the directional reflectance to a common view geometry (VNP43DNBA4), while also computing integrated black-sky albedo (BSA) at local solar noon and white-sky albedo (WSA) (VNP43DNBA3). Researchers can use the BRDF model parameters with a simple polynomial to obtain black-sky albedo at any solar illumination angle. Likewise, both the BSA and WSA Science Dataset (SDS) layers can be used with a simple polynomial to manually estimate instantaneous actual albedo (blue-sky albedo). Additional details regarding the methodology are available in the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD).
The VNP43DNBA2 data product provides a total of seven SDS layers, including BRDF/Albedo band quality and days of valid observation within a 16-day period for the VIIRS DNB, as well as land water type class flag, snow BRDF albedo class flag, local solar noon, and the platform name.
|File Size||~13 MB|
|Temporal Extent||2012-01-19 to Present|
|Geographic Dimensions||1200 km x 1200 km|
|Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers||7|
|Columns/Rows||1200 x 1200|
|Pixel Size||1000 m|
|SDS Name||Description||Units||Data Type||Fill Value||No Data Value||Valid Range||Scale Factor|
|BRDF_Albedo_Band_Quality_DNB||BRDF inversion information||N/A||8-bit unsigned integer||255||N/A||0 to 3||N/A|
|BRDF_Albedo_LandWaterType||Land/Water type||Class Flag||8-bit unsigned integer||255||N/A||0 to 254||N/A|
|BRDF_Albedo_LocalSolarNoon||Solar zenith angle at local solar noon||Degree||8-bit unsigned integer||255||N/A||0 to 90||N/A|
|BRDF_Albedo_Platform||Platform name||N/A||8-bit unsigned integer||255||N/A||0 to 254||N/A|
|BRDF_Albedo_Uncertainty||Weight of Determination (WoD) of WSA||N/A||16-bit unsigned integer||37267||N/A||0 to 32766||N/A|
|BRDF_Albedo_ValidObs_DNB||Days of valid observation within 16-day period for band DNB||N/A||16-bit unsigned integer||0||N/A||1 to 65535||N/A|
|Snow_BRDF_Albedo||Snow Flag||N/A||8-bit unsigned integer||255||N/A||0 to 1||N/A|
|1||Land (Nothing else but land)|
|2||Ocean and lake shorelines|
|3||Shallow inland water|
|5||Deep inland water|
|6||Moderate or continental ocean|
|0||snow-free albedo retrieved|
|1||snow albedo retrieved|
|0||best quality, full inversion (WoDs, RMSE majority good)|
|1||good quality, full inversion|
|2||Magnitude inversion (numobs ≥ 7)|
|3||Magnitude inversion (numobs ≥ 2 & 7)|
Additional information on the quality layers can be found in Table 5 of the ATBD. Product accuracy/uncertainty information can be found in section 4.
The VIIRS Land Surface Reflectance product (VNP09) flags a larger number of retrievals as ‘High Aerosol’ in the quality layer as compared to the MODIS reflectance product. The inaccurately flagged high aerosol quality flags cause the BRDF retrieval algorithm to incorrectly reject the observations and switch from full inversion (high quality retrieval) to magnitude inversion (low quality retrieval) in the mid to high latitude, arid lands, and tropical vegetative regions.