The Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) NASA Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Day/Night Band (DNB) Nadir Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) Adjusted Reflectance (NBAR) Version 1 product provides NBAR estimates at 1 kilometer (km) resolution. The VNP43DNB4 product is produced daily using 16 days of VIIRS data and is weighted temporally to the ninth day, which is reflected in the file name. The view angle effects are removed from the directional reflectances resulting in a stable and consistent NBAR product. The VNP43 data products are designed after the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) BRDF/Albedo product suite.
The VNP43 algorithm uses the RossThick/Li-Sparse-Reciprocal (RTLSR) semi-empirical kernel-driven BRDF model, with the three kernel weights from VNP43DNBA1 to reconstruct surface anisotropic effects, correcting the directional reflectance to a common view geometry (VNP43DNBA4), hile also computing integrated black-sky albedo (BSA) at local solar noon and white-sky albedo (WSA) (VNP43DNBA3). Researchers can use the BRDF model parameters with a simple polynomial to obtain black-sky albedo at any solar illumination angle. Likewise, both the BSA and WSA Science Dataset (SDS) layers can be used with a simple polynomial to manually estimate instantaneous actual albedo (blue-sky albedo). Additional details regarding the methodology are available in the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD).
The VNP43DNBA4 product includes BRDF/Albedo mandatory quality and nadir reflectance for the VIIRS DNB. A low-resolution browse image is also available showing NBAR of the DNB as a red, green, blue (RGB) image in JPEG format.
|File Size||~4.37 MB|
|Temporal Extent||2012-01-19 to Present|
|Geographic Dimensions||1200 km x 1200 km|
|Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers||2|
|Columns/Rows||1200 x 1200|
|Pixel Size||1000 m|
|SDS Name||Description||Units||Data Type||Fill Value||No Data Value||Valid Range||Scale Factor|
|BRDF_Albedo_Band_Mandatory_Quality_DNB||BRDF/Albedo mandatory quality for DNB||N/A||8-bit unsigned integer||255||N/A||0 to 1||N/A|
|Nadir_Reflectance_DNB||Nadir BRDF/Albedo reflectance at local solar noon for DNB||N/A||16-bit signed integer||37267||N/A||0 to 10000||0.0001|
The VIIRS Land Surface Reflectance product (VNP09) flags a larger number of retrievals as ‘High Aerosol’ in the quality layer as compared to the MODIS reflectance product. The inaccurately flagged high aerosol quality flags cause the BRDF retrieval algorithm to incorrectly reject the observations and switch from full inversion (high quality retrieval) to magnitude inversion (low quality retrieval) in the mid to high latitude, arid lands, and tropical vegetative regions.