ECO_L3G_MET v002

ECOSTRESS Gridded Downscaled Meteorology Instantaneous L3 Global 70 m

PI: Simon Hook, Gregory Halverson


The ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) mission measures the temperature of plants to better understand how much water plants need and how they respond to stress. ECOSTRESS is attached to the International Space Station (ISS) and collects data globally between 52° N and 52° S latitudes. A map of the acquisition coverage can be found in Figure 2 on the ECOSTRESS website.

The ECOSTRESS Gridded Downscaled Meteorology Instantaneous L3 Global 70 m (ECO_L3G_MET) Version 2 data product provides instantaneous near-surface air temperature (Ta) and relative humidity (RH) estimates downscaled using linear regression. The linear regression uses up-sampled surface temperature (ST), normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), and albedo as predictor variables and Ta or RH from Goddard Earth Observing System Version 5 (GEOS-5) Forward Processing (FP) as response variables for their relative outputs. Once the regression coefficients have been determined, they are applied to the 70 meter (m) ST, NDVI, and albedo as a first pass, which is then bias corrected using a GEOS-5 FP image. This data product is mosaicked from the L3 tiled MET (ECO_L3T_MET) product, projected to a globally snapped 0.0006° grid, and has a spatial resolution of 70 meters (m).

The ECO_L3G_MET Version 2 data product contains four layers distributed in an HDF5 format file including Ta, RH, cloud mask, and water mask.

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Collection and Granule


Characteristic Description
File Size~157.4 MB
Temporal ResolutionVaries
Temporal Extent2018-07-09 to Present
Spatial ExtentGlobal (+/- 52 degrees latitude)
Coordinate SystemGeographic Latitude and Longitude
DatumWorld Geodetic System (WGS84)
File FormatHDF5
Geographic Dimensions400 km x 400 km


Characteristic Description
Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers4
Columns/Rows5400 x 5632
Pixel Size70 m

Layers / Variables

SDS Name Description Units Data Type Fill Value No Data Value Valid Range Scale Factor
Ta Near-surface air temperature °C 32-bit floating point NaN N/A N/A N/A
RH Relative Humidity Ratio 32-bit floating point NaN N/A 0 to 1 N/A
cloud Cloud mask N/A 32-bit floating point 255 N/A 0, 1 N/A
water Water mask N/A 32-bit floating point 255 N/A 0, 1 N/A

Cloud Mask Values

Class Description
0 Clear
1 Cloudy

Water Mask Values

Class Description
0 Land
1 Water

Product Quality

Quality information for the ECO_L3G_MET data product is described in Section 5.4 of the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD).

Known Issues

  • Data acquisition gap: ECOSTRESS was launched on June 29, 2018, and moved to autonomous science operations on August 20, 2018, following a successful in-orbit checkout period. On September 29, 2018, ECOSTRESS experienced an anomaly with its primary mass storage unit (MSU). ECOSTRESS has a primary and secondary MSU (A and B). On December 5, 2018, the instrument was switched to the secondary MSU and science operations resumed. On March 14, 2019, the secondary MSU experienced a similar anomaly, temporarily halting science acquisitions. On May 15, 2019, a new data acquisition approach was implemented, and science acquisitions resumed. To optimize the new acquisition approach TIR bands 2, 4, and 5 are being downloaded. The data products are as previously, except the bands not downloaded contain fill values (L1 radiance and L2 emissivity). This approach was implemented from May 15, 2019, through April 28, 2023.

  • Data acquisition gap: From February 8 to February 16, 2020, an ECOSTRESS instrument issue resulted in a data anomaly that created striping in band 4 (10.5 micron). These data products have been reprocessed and are available for download. No ECOSTRESS data were acquired on February 17, 2020, due to the instrument being in SAFEHOLD. Data acquired following the anomaly have not been affected.

  • Data acquisition: ECOSTRESS has now successfully returned to 5-band mode after being in 3-band mode since 2019. This feature was successfully enabled following a Data Processing Unit firmware update (version 4.1) to the payload on April 28, 2023. To better balance contiguous science data scene variables, 3-band collection is currently being interleaved with 5-band acquisitions over the orbital day/night periods.

About the image

ECOSTRESS near-surface air temperature (Ta) layer from ECO_L3G_MET product, acquired over Utah, United States, on October 21, 2023.

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User Guide

Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD)

Using the Data

Access Data