The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) is responsible for the archive and distribution of NASA Making Earth System Data Records for Use in Research Environments (MEaSUREs) Digital Elevation Model (DEM) version 1 (NASADEM_SC) dataset, which provides global slope and curvature elevation data at 1 arc second spacing.
NASADEM data products were derived from original telemetry data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM), a collaboration between NASA and the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), as well as participation from the German and Italian space agencies. SRTM’s primary focus was to generate a near-global DEM of the Earth using radar interferometry. It was a primary component of the payload on space shuttle Endeavour during its STS-99 mission, which was launched on February 11, 2000, and ﬂew for 11 days.
In addition to Terra Advanced Spaceborne Thermal and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Global Digital Elevation Model (GDEM) Version 2 data, NASADEM also relied on Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) ground control points of its lidar shots to improve surface elevation measurements that led to improved geolocation accuracy. Other reprocessing improvements include the conversion to geoid reference and the use of GDEMs and Advanced Land Observing Satellite Panchromatic Remote-sensing instrument for Stereo Mapping (PRISM) AW3D30 DEM, and interpolation for void filling.
NASADEM are distributed in 1° by 1° tiles and consist of all land between 60° N and 56° S latitude. This accounts for about 80% of Earth’s total landmass.
NASADEM_SC data product layers include slope, aspect angle, profile curvature, plan curvature, and an updated SRTM water body dataset (water mask). A low-resolution browse image showing slope is also available for each NASADEM_SC granule.
|File Size||~164.6 MB|
|Temporal Extent||2000-02-11 to 2000-02-21|
|Spatial Extent||Global (60°N to 56°S, 180°W to 180°E)|
|Coordinate System||Geographic Latitude and Longitude|
|Geographic Dimensions||1° x 1°|
|Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers||5|
|Columns/Rows||3601 x 3601|
|Pixel Size||~30 m|
|SDS Name||Description||Units||Data Type||Fill Value||No Data Value||Valid Range||Scale Factor|
|SLOPE||Slope derived from merged hgt||Degree||16-bit unsigned integer||0||NaN||Non-negative||0.01|
|ASPECT||Slope aspect angle derived from merged hgt||Degree||16-bit unsigned integer||0||NaN||Non-negative||0.01|
|PLAN (PLANC)¹||Plan curvature derived from merged hgt||Meters||32-bit real||0||NaN||N/A||N/A|
|PROFILE (PROFC)¹||Profile curvature derived from merged hgt||Meters||32-bit real||0||NaN||N/A||N/A|
|SWBD||Updated SRTM water body data (i.e., water mask)||Class||8-bit signed integer||N/A||N/A||0 land, 255 water||N/A|
¹Units for PLAN and PROFILE layers are inverse meters.