Land discipline Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) data products developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) are made available from the Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) as product development is completed. The LP DAAC will make future announcements as these operational data become available.
VIIRS is one of five instruments on-board the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (Suomi NPP) satellite launched from the Vandenberg Air Force Base on October 28, 2011, at 5:48 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). Suomi NPP is the first in a series of four Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) satellites, a collaborative mission between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and NASA that will carry the VIIRS instrument.
VIIRS observes the entire Earth’s surface twice each day with an equator crossing time of approximately 1:30 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. local time from NPP’s polar orbit 824 kilometers (km) (512 miles) above the Earth’s surface. The 3,000 km swath width of the VIIRS instrument, which is 710 km greater than that of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), allows for no gaps in coverage, as observed in MODIS near the equator. The VIIRS instrument provides 22 spectral bands at two spatial resolutions, 375 meters (m) and 750 m, which are resampled to 500 m, 1 km, and 0.05 degrees in the NASA produced data products to promote consistency with the MODIS heritage.
VIIRS filenames (i.e., the local granule ID) for Level 2G, Level 3, and Level 4 products follow a naming convention which provides useful information regarding the specific product.
In this example for a swath product, the filename VNP14.A2015262.1506.001.2016357171040.nc indicates:
In this example for a tiled product, the filename VNP09H1.A2014001.h08v05.001.2016012234657.h5 indicates:
In this example for a Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) product, the filename VNP13C1.A2017001.001.2018022145650.h5 indicates:
VIIRS/NPP Surface Reflectance 8-Day L3 Global 500m SIN Grid V001 is the VIIRS Product Long Name (i.e., Collection-Level) convention which provides useful information. For example, all products belonging to the VIIRS/NPP Surface Reflectance 8-Day L3 Global 500m SIN Grid V001 collection have the following characteristics:
The higher level VIIRS land products (e.g. Level 3 and Level 4) distributed from the LP DAAC will be produced at various temporal resolutions, based on the instrument's orbital cycle. The following time steps are possibilities for the generation of VIIRS land products:
The VIIRS instruments acquire data in two native spatial resolutions:
The higher level VIIRS land products distributed from the LP DAAC are produced at three nominal spatial resolutions: 500 m, 1,000 m and 5,600 m (0.05 degrees) for Imagery bands I1-3 and Moderate bands M1-5, M7, M8, M10, M11.
The VIIRS tiling system is the same as the MODIS tiling system.
Level 2G, Level 3, and Level 4 Suomi NPP NASA VIIRS land products use this Sinusoidal grid tiling system. Tiles are 10 degrees by 10 degrees at the equator. The tile coordinate system starts at (0,0) (horizontal tile number, vertical tile number) in the upper left corner and proceeds right (horizontal) and downward (vertical). The tile in the bottom right corner is (35,17).
The VIIRS Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) is the same as the MODIS CMG. The CMG datasets provide global coverage in a Geographic Latitude and Longitude projection at a resolution of 0.05 degrees. The geographic coordinates of the upper-left corner of the upper-left pixel of an Suomi NPP NASA VIIRS CMG image are -180.00 degrees longitude, 90.00 degrees latitude. The geographic coordinates of the lower-right corner of the lower right pixel are 180.00 degrees longitude, -90.00 degrees latitude.
LP DAAC distributes land data processed to Level-2 or higher:
|Band||Reflected Range (μm)||Band Explanation|
|I1||0.6 - 0.68||Near Infrared|
|I2||0.85 - 0.88||Shortwave Infrared|
|I3||1.58 - 1.64||Medium-wave Infrared|
|I4||3.55 - 3.93||Longwave Infrared|
|I5||10.5 - 12.4||Visible/Reflective|
|M1||0.402 - 0.422||Visible/Reflective|
|M2||0.436 - 0.454||Visible/Reflective|
|M3||0.478 - 0.488||Visible/Reflective|
|M4||0.545 - 0.565||Visible/Reflective|
|M5||0.662 - 0.682||Near Infrared|
|M6||0.739 - 0.754||Near Infrared|
|M7||0.846 - 0.885||Shortwave Infrared|
|M8||1.23 - 1.25||Shortwave Infrared|
|M9||1.371 - 1.386||Shortwave Infrared|
|M10||1.58 - 1.64||Shortwave Infrared|
|M11||2.23 - 2.28||Medium-wave Infrared|
|M12||3.61 - 3.79||Medium-wave Infrared|
|M13||3.97 - 4.13||Longwave Infrared|
|M14||8.4 - 8.7||Longwave Infrared|
|M15||10.26 - 11.26||Longwave Infrared|
|M16||11.54 - 12.49||Day/Night|
|DNB||0.5 - 0.9||Visible/Reflective|
VIIRS products have two sources of metadata: the embedded HDF-EOS5 metadata, and the external Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) metadata, known as the EOSDIS Core System (ECS) metadata. The HDF-EOS5 metadata contains valuable information including global attributes and dataset specific attributes pertaining to the granule. An external metadata file is provided in XML format (.xml) and is provided along with the VIIRS product. This file provides a subset of the HDF-EOS5 metadata. Some key features of certain VIIRS HDF-EOS5 metadata attributes include the following:
The dataset attributes contain specific Science Dataset (SDS) information such as the data range and applicable scaling factors for the data. Information for each NASA VIIRS land data product can be found in the VIIRS Product Table.
Data access options such as Data Pool, Earthdata Search Client, AppEEARS, and EarthExplorer can be found under Tools.
An HDF-EOS5 file contains information essential for NASA data access tools and services. Most software programs that can process standard HDF5 files can read an HDF-EOS5 file. However, it is difficult for a standard HDF5 call to interpret HDF-EOS5 geolocation or temporal information without further knowledge of the file structure.
Certain open source tools and proprietary tools are available for use with VIIRS HDF-EOS5 products and are included in the following list:
Open Source Tools