MOD21A2 v006

MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity 8-Day L3 Global 1 km SIN Grid


PI: Glynn C. Hulley

Description

A new suite of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity (LST&E) products are available in Collection 6. The MOD21 Land Surface Temperatuer (LST) algorithm differs from the algorithm of the MOD11 LST products, in that the MOD21 algorithm is based on the ASTER Temperature/Emissivity Separation (TES) technique, whereas the MOD11 uses the split-window technique. The MOD21 TES algorithm uses a physics-based algorithm to dynamically retrieve both the LST and spectral emissivity simultaneously from the MODIS thermal infrared bands 29, 31, and 32. The TES algorithm is combined with an improved Water Vapor Scaling (WVS) atmospheric correction scheme to stabilize the retrieval during very warm and humid conditions.

The MOD21A2 dataset is an 8-day composite LST product that uses an algorithm based on a simple averaging method. The algorithm calculates the average from all the cloud free MOD21A1D and MOD21A1N daily acquisitions from the 8-day period. Unlike the MOD21A1 data sets where the daytime and nighttime acquisitions are separate products, the MOD21A2 contains both daytime and nighttime acquisitions as separate Science Dataset (SDS) layers within a single Hierarchical Data Format (HDF) file. The LST, Quality Control (QC), view zenith angle, and viewing time have separate day and night SDS layers, while the values for the MODIS emissivity bands 29, 31, and 32 are the average of both the nighttime and daytime acquisitions. MOD21A2 products are available two months after acquisition due to latency of data inputs. Additional details regarding the method used to create this Level 3 (L3) product are available in the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD).

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Characteristics

Product Maturity

Terra MODIS LST&E products are validated to Beta maturity level.

Collection and Granule

Collection

Characteristic Description
CollectionTerra MODIS
DOI10.5067/MODIS/MOD21A2.006
File Size~5.3 MB
Temporal ResolutionMulti-Day
Temporal Extent2000-02-18 to 2005-12-31
Spatial ExtentGlobal
Coordinate SystemSinusoidal
DatumN/A
File FormatHDF-EOS
Geographic Dimensions1200 km x 1200 km

Granule

Characteristic Description
Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers11
Columns/Rows1200 x 1200
Pixel Size1000 m

Layers

SDS Name Description Units Data Type Fill Value No Data Value Valid Range Scale Factor Additional Offset
LST_Day_1KM Day Land surface temperature Kelvin 16-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 7500 to 65535 0.02 N/A
QC_Day Day Quality Control (QC) N/A 8-bit unsigned integer N/A N/A 0 to 255 N/A N/A
View_Angle_Day Day MODIS view zenith angle Degree 8-bit unsigned integer 255 N/A 0 to 130 N/A -65
View_Time_Day Time of MODIS observation for day Hours 8-bit unsigned integer 255 N/A 0 to 240 0.1 N/A
LST_Night_1KM Night Land Surface Temperature Kelvin 16-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 7500 to 65535 0.02 N/A
QC_Night Night Quality Control (QC) N/A 8-bit unsigned integer N/A N/A 0 to 255 N/A N/A
View_Angle_Night Night view zenith angle Degree 8-bit unsigned integer 255 N/A 0 to 130 N/A -65
View_Time_Night Time of Observation for night Hours 8-bit unsigned integer 255 N/A 0 to 240 0.1 N/A
Emis_29 Average Day/Night Band 29 emissivity N/A 8-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 1 to 255 0.002 0.49
Emis_31 Average Day/Night Band 31 emissivity N/A 8-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 1 to 255 0.002 0.49
Emis_32 Average Day/Night Band 32 emissivity N/A 8-bit unsigned integer 0 N/A 1 to 255 0.002 0.49

Product Quality

The QC layer is stored in an efficient bit-encoded manner. The unpack_sds_bits executable from the LDOPE Tools is available to the user community to help parse and interpret the quality layer.

The final quality bit for the output product reflects the lowest quality values from all observations that went into the final average. The bit definition index for the QC layer is available in the User Guide on page 26.

Known Issues

For complete information about the MOD21A2 known issues please refer to the MODIS Land Quality Assessment website.

Documentation

Using the Data

Tools

Citation

DOI: 10.5067/MODIS/MOD21A2.006

About the Image

Terra MODIS land surface temperature (LST) data from the MOD21A2 product over India on January 5, 2000.

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