Terra MODIS surface reflectance band 1-2-1 data from the MOD09Q1 product over the western United States, Jun 26 - Jul 3, 2018.View full-size image
The MOD09Q1 Version 6 product provides an estimate of the surface spectral reflectance of Terra Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Bands 1 and 2, corrected for atmospheric conditions such as gasses, aerosols, and Rayleigh scattering. Provided along with the 250 meter (m) surface reflectance bands are two quality layers. For each pixel, a value is selected from all the acquisitions within the 8-day composite period. The criteria for the pixel choice include cloud and solar zenith. When several acquisitions meet the criteria the pixel with the minimum channel 3 (blue) value is used.
Validation at stage 3 has been achieved for all MODIS Surface Reflectance products. Further details regarding MODIS land product validation for the MOD09 data products are available from the MODIS Land Team Validation site.
|File Size||55.8 MB|
|Temporal Extent||2000-02-24 to 2023-02-17|
|Geographic Dimensions||1200 km x 1200 km|
|Number of Science Dataset (SDS) Layers||4|
|Columns/Rows||4800 x 4800|
|Pixel Size||250 m|
|SDS Name||Description||Units||Data Type||Fill Value||No Data Value||Valid Range||Scale Factor|
|sur_refl_b01||Surface Reflectance Band 1||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-28672||N/A||-100 to 16000||0.0001|
|sur_refl_b02||Surface Reflectance Band 2||N/A||16-bit signed integer||-28672||N/A||-100 to 16000||0.0001|
|sur_refl_state_250m||Surface Reflectance 250m State flags||Bit Field||16-bit unsigned integer||65535||N/A||0 to 57343||N/A|
|sur_refl_qc_250m||Surface Reflectance 250m Band Quality Control flags||Bit Field||16-bit unsigned integer||65535||N/A||0 to 32767||N/A|
The sur_refl_state_250m and sur_refl_qc_250m layers are stored in an efficient bit-encoded manner. The unpack_sds_bits executable from the LDOPE Tools is available to the user community to help parse and interpret the QC layers.
The QA bit flags for the sur_refl_state_250m and sur_refl_qc_250m layers are provided in the User Guide in Tables 13 and 9 respectively.
Quality assurance information should be considered when determining the usability of data for a particular science application. The ArcGIS MODIS-VIIRS Python Toolbox contains tools capable of decoding quality data layers while producing thematic quality raster files for each quality attribute.
In addition to data access and transformation processes, AppEEARS also has the capability to unpack and interpret the quality layers.
Striping due to a dead detector is noticeable for bands 5, 6, and 7 in scenes acquired February 24 through October 31, 2000. Corrections were implemented to reduce the striping in data acquired after November 1, 2000. Users should always check the band quality for dead detectors even though reflectance values may be in the valid range.
The Collection 6 MODIS Land Surface Reflectance product (MOD09) may incorrectly flag retrievals as ‘High Aerosol’ over brighter surfaces and at higher view angles. This will impact the downstream MODIS BRDF/Albedo (MCD43) and Vegetation Index (MOD13 and MYD13) data products which use the aerosol quantity flag to screen out high aerosol values.
Corrections were implemented in Collection 6.1 reprocessing.
For complete information about the MOD09Q1 known issues please refer to the MODIS Land Quality Assessment website.